A Source





Art and entertainment


Film, radio, and television






See also

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Source&oldid=462211781

Rudbar Qasran District

Rudbar Qasran District

Rudbar Qasran District (Persian: بخش رودبار قصران) is a district (bakhsh) in Shemiranat County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 15,489, in 4,563 families. The District has one city: Fasham.


  • indicates that this formerly independent city is now absorbed into Tehran.

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rudbar_Qasran_District&oldid=460999958

Sales potential forecast

Sales territory

Sales territories are the customer groups or geographic districts for which individual salespeople or sales teams hold responsibility. Territories can be defined on the basis of geography, sales potential, history, or a combination of factors. Companies strive to balance their territories because this can reduce costs and increase sales.


The purpose of a sales force coverage (or sales territory) metric is to create balanced sales territories. There are a number of ways to analyze territories. Most commonly, territories are compared on the basis of their potential or size. This is an important exercise. If territories differ sharply or slip out of balance, sales personnel may be given too much or too little work. This can lead to under- or over-servicing of customers. When sales personnel are stretched too thin, the result can be an under-servicing of customers. This can cost a firm business because over-taxed salespeople engage in sub-optimal levels of activity in a number of areas. They seek out too few leads, identify too few prospects and spend too little time with current customers. Those customers, in turn, may take their business to alternate providers.

Over-servicing, by contrast, may raise costs and prices and therefore indirectly reduce sales. Over-servicing in some territories may also lead to under-servicing in others. Unbalanced territories also raise the problem of unfair distribution of sales potential among members of a sales force. This may result in distorted compensation and cause talented salespeople to leave a company, seeking superior balance and compensation.

Achieving an appropriate balance among territories is an important factor in maintaining satisfaction among customers, salespeople and the company as a whole. "Sales potential forecast" can be used to determine sales targets and to help identify territories worthy of an allocation of limited resources. A sales potential forecast is a forecast of the number of prospects and their buying power. It does not assess the likelihood of converting "potential" accounts. Sales potential can be represented in a number of ways. Of these, the most basic is population, i.e., the number of potential accounts in a territory. In a survey of nearly 200 senior marketing managers, 62 percent responded that they found the "sales potential forecast" metric very useful.


Construction In defining or redefining territories, companies strive to:


See also

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sales_territory&oldid=465788724

Tom R. Jacobsen

Tom Rüsz Jacobsen

Tom R. Jacobsen
Personal information
Full name Tom Rüsz Jacobsen
Date of birth 20 February 1953 (age 58)
Place of birth Tjølling, Norway
Playing position Goalkeeper
Youth career
Fram Larvik
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
-1977 Fram Larvik
1978-79 Bryne
1980-? Vålerenga 100
National team
1975-83 Norway 26 (0)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

Tom Rüsz Jacobsen (born 20 February 1953 in Tjølling) is a retired Norwegian footballer. He was a goalkeeper, and played 26 matches for Norway. He is two times league champion, and one time cup champion with Vålerenga.

Club career

Jacobsen played for Vålerenga from 1980 until he retired. He played 100 league games, and conceded 42 goals - even though he managed a clean sheet in 42 of the 99 games he started. He was elected Man of the Match by VG 10 times. In his 99th league game, he got injured and needed to be taken off the field. In order to get 100 league games, he played the last 2 minutes of the next game - with a broken arm.

Jacobsen won Norwegian First Division two times, and the Norwegian Football Cup one time with Vålerenga. In the semifinal of the 1980 Norwegian Football Cup, he secured a rematch when he saved shot when it was only seconds left of the game. Vålerenga won the rematch against Mo IL, and qualified for the final where they won 4-1 against Lillestrøm SK

International career

Tom Rüsz Jacobsen was capped 26 times for Norway. He made his debut against Soviet Union on 24 September 1979, while he was still played for third-tier team Fram Larvik. In his first 7 international matches, Norway did not score a single goal. His last international appearance was against Yugoslavia on 12 October 1983.

Jacobsen's best performance on the national team, was against Switzerland in Bern on 29 October 1980, when Norway won 2-1 and he was elected Man of the Match by VG with 10 points of 10 possible.


Vålerenga Fotball


Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tom_R%C3%BCsz_Jacobsen&oldid=458935000

Square knot (decorative)

Friendship knot

Friendship knot
Friendship knot.jpg

Friendship knot
Names Friendship knot, Chinese cross knot, Japanese crown knot, Square knot (British usage), Success knot, Rustler's knot, Buckaroo knot.
Category Decorative
Origin China
Related Carrick bend
Typical use Neckerchieves, lanyards and Chinese knotting
ABoK #808, #809, #1032, and #1066

The Friendship knot is a decorative knot which is used to tie neckerchieves, lanyards and in Chinese knotting.

History and use

This is one of the eleven basic knots of traditional Chinese knotting, a craft which began in the Tang and Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) in China. The Chinese and Japanese names for this knot are based on the shape of the ideogram for the number ten, which is in the shape of a cross. The Ashley Book of Knots, first published in 1944, says: "A decorative Chinese Loop. This is commonly employed as a Lanyard Knot. It is handsome and secure." In recent years, it has become popular with members of the Scout and Guide movements for tying their neckerchieves instead of using a woggle.

See also


  1. Chinese Knotting, Lydia Chen, Echo Craft Books 1981 ISBN 0-8048-1389-2 (p.45)
  2. chineseknotting.org: The Cross Knot
  3. The Ashley Book of Knots, Clifford W. Ashley, Doubleday, New York. ISBN 0-385-04025-3 (#1032)
  4. http://www.baggy.me.uk/knots/friend.htm

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Friendship_knot&oldid=458957316

Independence movement in Scotland

Scottish independence


This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of

Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal

Scottish independence (Scots: Scots unthirldom, Scottish Gaelic: Neo-eisimeileachd na h-Alba) is a political ambition of political parties, advocacy groups and individuals for Scotland to dissolve the United Kingdom and become an independent sovereign state, separate from England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Supporters of Scottish independence claim that Scotland's inability fully to control its own affairs, both nationally and internationally, is detrimental to Scottish interests. They argue that, as the British government acts primarily in the interest of the entire United Kingdom (of which England is by far the most populated part), it is to the detriment of Scottish interests to remain in the United Kingdom. Those who oppose Scottish independence and endorse the continuation of a form of union believe being part of the United Kingdom to be in the Scottish national interest, and argue that there are benefits enjoyed by Scotland as part of a great power, which do not compromise its distinctive national identity.


Scottish home rule

1970s resurgence


SNP government

In the 2007 Scottish parliament election the Scottish National Party became the single largest party by a margin of one seat. Lacking an overall majority, the Scottish National Party formed a minority government, installing leader Alex Salmond as First Minister of Scotland.

The Scottish National Party went on to win the 2011 Scottish General Election with an overall majority of 69 out of 129 seats in the Scottish Parliament and around 45% of all votes cast; enough to hold a referendum on independence from the United Kingdom.

Proposed referendum


A referendum for Scottish independence or a bill of the Scottish Parliament seeking to change the constitutional status of Scotland would not, under the British constitution, be legally binding on the UK government, because all UK referenda are only advisory. The British parliament claims absolute parliamentary sovereignty, but this is disputed by those who contend that the Scottish people, rather than the Scottish Parliament, are the legal sovereign authority in Scotland, a status explicitly proclaimed in the 1320 Declaration of Arbroath and reasserted by the all-party Claim of Right 1989. This position was legally supported by the Lord President of the Court of Session, Lord Cooper of Cardross, in the case of McCormick v The Lord Advocate (1953), in which Lord Cooper confirmed that "the principle of the unlimited sovereignty of (the Westminster) Parliament is a distinctively English principle which has no counterpart in Scottish Constitutional Law." The United Nations Charter also enshrines the right of peoples to self-determination while the Universal Declaration of Human Rights also guarantees their right to change nationality, and the UK is a signatory to both documents with the UK Parliament having no power to unilaterally revoke them.

Any changes to constitutional status are one of the reserved matters for Westminster under the Scotland Act 1998. At any time Westminster could amend the Scotland Act, changing the powers of the Scottish Parliament and allowing Westminster to legally block any bill for independence brought by the Scottish Government. Westminster has previously amended the Scotland Act to maintain the number of MSPs, which would otherwise have been reduced in line with the reduction of Scottish MPs in the 2005 UK general election. However, such powers with regard to a referendum on Scottish independence would be conditional on both the UK Parliament's absolute sovereignty being accepted, and it being deemed to take precedence over the rights guaranteed by the UN Charter and Declaration of Human Rights, issues which might be subject to dispute in the event of a vote for independence.

The legality of any British component country attaining de facto independence (in the same manner as the origins of the Irish Republic) or declaring unilateral independence outside the framework of British constitutional convention is uncertain. Some legal opinion following the precedent set by the Supreme Court of Canada's decision on what steps Quebec would need to take to secede (Reference re Secession of Quebec) is that Scotland would be unable to unilaterally declare independence under international law if the British government permitted a referendum on an unambiguous question on secession. It is uncertain how the unilateral 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence and subsequent recognition by the UK and some EU member states has affected this legal position. Former British Prime Ministers John Major and Margaret Thatcher have recognised a right of the Scottish people to determine their own future.

Support for independence


Form of government

The independence movement is a disparate one that covers varied political standpoints. While many are republican, this is not Scottish National Party policy. The SNP styles itself as an inclusive institution, subordinating ideological tensions to the primary goal of securing independence, with Scotland becoming a Commonwealth realm, similar to Canada or Australia, if independence should occur. This would effectively return Scotland to its previous constitutional state of dynastic union, after the Union of the Crowns in 1603. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is not only the descendent of the Kings and Queens of England but also through the Kings and Queens of Scotland, before the two nations' union in 1707. The situation would become like between 1603 and 1707 where the countries were separate yet shared the same monarch. Proportional representation has led to the election to the Scottish Parliament of smaller parties with various political positions but which have independence as a goal; in the 2003 Scottish Parliament election the gains made by the Scottish Green Party and the Scottish Socialist Party boosted the number of pro-independence MSPs. The Scottish Socialist Party has led republican protests and authored the Declaration of Calton Hill, calling for an independent republic.


A number of cross party groupings have been established with the aim of widening the scope of the pro-independence viewpoint and campaigning for a referendum on the issue. The most significant being the Independence Convention which seeks "Firstly, to create a forum for those of all political persuasions and none who support independence; and secondly, to be a national catalyst for Scottish independence." Another being Independence First, a pro-referendum pressure group which has organised public demonstrations.

Political parties

Scottish independence is supported most prominently by the Scottish National Party, but other parties also have pro-independence policies. Those who have had elected representatives in either the Scottish Parliament or local councils in recent years are the Scottish Green Party, the Scottish Socialist Party and Solidarity.

Seventy-two of the seats in the Scottish Parliament are now held by parties/members who have expressed pro-independence sentiments, over 55% of the total. These are the 69 Scottish National Party members, the two Green members and Margo MacDonald, an independent politician.


Public opinion

Polls show a consistent support for a referendum, including amongst those who support the continuation of the union. Most opinion polls performed have a figure of in-principle support for a referendum around 70–75%. In March 2009, The Sunday Times published the results of a YouGov survey on Scottish support for independence (mirroring the earlier 2007 poll). Support for a referendum in principle was found to have fallen to 57% of respondents, with 53% of respondents stating they would vote against independence and 33% stating they would support independence. The Times reported that the fall in support for independence was likely linked to economic recession.

In August 2009, a YouGov survey with the Daily Mail asking if Scottish voters would support independence found that 28% would vote Yes, 57% would vote No, 11% did not know and 5% would not vote.

Another YouGov Opinion poll in October 2010 showed 34% saying Yes, and 50% not in favour of independence, with the other 16% not sure how they would vote.

A December 2010 face-to-face poll by TNS-BMRB showed 40% supporting independence, 44% opposing, and 16% unsure.

In June 2011, after the SNP majority election win, a poll by TNS-BMRB, with a 1,022 sample, showed independence support up 6% from 18 months previously, with 37% favouring independence in a potential referendum, with 45% against the proposal, and 18% not sure. The poll indicated 46% of people in Glasgow, and 51% of people under 24 supporting independence.

In September 2011, according to a TNS-BMRB/Herald poll, support for independence overtook opposition to independence for the first time since 2008, with 39% of voters saying they would vote yes, 38% saying they would vote no and the remainder of 23% was undecided or refused to say. This poll was the first one out of a series of ten conducted which all showed support for independence greater than outright opposition and as such was celebrated by the SNP as a positive sign that they may be able to reach the 50% mark.

An ICM poll in November 2006 found a high level of support in England and Scotland for Scottish independence.

See also



  • Murkens, Jo Eric (2002). Scottish Independence: A Practical Guide. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 0-7486-1699-3.
  • Keating, Michael (2009). The Independence of Scotland: Self-Government and the Shifting Politics of Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

External links

Pro-independence party websites

Unionist party websites

Geography Economy Law People Politics Religion Languages Culture

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scottish_independence&oldid=464941843

Scottish Press

List of newspapers in Scotland

List of newspapers in Scotland is a list of newspapers in Scotland.

Daily Newspapers

Sunday Newspapers

Local Weekly newspapers




Argyll and Bute


Dumfries & Galloway


East Ayrshire

East Dunbartonshire

East Lothian

East Renfrewshire









North Ayrshire

North Lanarkshire


Perth & Kinross


Scottish Borders


South Ayrshire

South Lanarkshire


West Dunbartonshire

West Lothian

Western Isles

Specialist newspapers

UK-wide specialist newspapers widely available in Scotland

Corporate newspapers

University newspapers

Defunct newspapers

Further reading

See also

External links

States with limited
and other territories Other entities

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_newspapers_in_Scotland&oldid=464413280

Fashapuyeh District

Fashapuyeh District

Fashapuyeh District (Persian: بخش فشاپویه) is a district (bakhsh) in Rey County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 29,343, in 7,325 families. The District has one city: Hasanabad.


  • indicates that this formerly independent city is now absorbed into Tehran.

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fashapuyeh_District&oldid=461050856



Q-Sensei Corp.
Type Private company
Industry Information technology
Search-based applications
Search technology
Founded 2007
Headquarters Rockledge, Florida, USA
Key people Ute Rother, President and CEO
Wolfram Kerber, SVP Software Development
Products Q-Sensei Enterprise Search Platform (ESP)
Q-Sensei FeedBooster
Q-Sensei Scholarly Search
Website http://www.qsensei.com

Q-Sensei is a privately-owned software company developing search-based applications for searching through unstructured and structured data on the internet, business networks, private computers, databases and hand-held devices. Q-Sensei is based on multi-dimensional search, which lets you search by full text and also by the various dimensions of data—date, tag, author, source, language, content type.

Q-Sensei was formed in 2007 through the merger of German-based social knowledge network Lalisio and the US search technology company, QUASM. The company is headquartered in Rockledge, Florida. Its European office is in Erfurt, Germany.

Its name is derived from the Japanese word Sensei, meaning "master" or "mentor".




Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Q-Sensei&oldid=465721146

Mullion Cliff to Predannack Cliff

Mullion, Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°01′37″N 5°14′28″W / 50.027°N 5.241°W

Cornish: Eglosvelyan

Mullion shown within Cornwall
Population 1,986 (Civil Parish, 2001)
OS grid reference SW678192
Parish Mullion
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HELSTON
Postcode district TR12
Dialling code 01326
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament St Ives
List of places: UKEnglandCornwall


Mullion parish is also important historically, with evidence of prehistoric burial mounds, Celtic crosses and ancient chapel sites, and in more recent times evidence of copper and china clay mining and a World War II airfield at Predannack. Today Mullion is the largest village on the Lizard Peninsula and is an important centre for local services and amenities as well as a popular tourist destination. Mullion School is the local secondary school.

The Royal National Lifeboat Institution stationed a lifeboat at Mullion in 1867 but it was withdrawn in 1908. The boat house has since been demolished but its barometer is on display in the village.


Predannack Downs

Mullion Village

The parish comprises 5,007 acres (20 km) of land, 8 acres (32,000 m) of water and 55 acres (220,000 m) of foreshore . The main village of Mullion is situated in the north of the parish, approximately 65 metres above sea level and about 1 mile (2 km) inland of the coast which is to its west. The village sits at the end of two river valleys which run southwest from the village, descending steeply to meet the sea at Polurrian Cove and Mullion Cove. North of the village is a third river valley descending west to east and meeting the sea at Poldhu Cove. This river defines the boundary between Mullion and the neighbouring parish of Gunwalloe. The geology of this part of the parish consists mainly of Hornblende Schists, only changing to slate north of Poldhu Cove. The land around the village and on the upper slopes of the river valleys is mostly fertile land cultivated for arable crops and livestock grazing. The small hamlets of Trewoon and Meaver are situated about half a mile to the east of Mullion village.


The parish name has evolved over the years, with references in the parish records to St Mullyon, St Mullian, Mullian, Mullyan, Mulion, Mullyon and St Mullion. In the Valor Ecclesiasticus carried out in 1535 the village name is recorded as Melyan.

The parish takes its name from Saint Melaine, the Breton Bishop of Rennes who supposedly took office in 519. He was a man of many aliases including the Latin version, Saint Melanius. Reference to early publications and the 1908 Ordnance Survey maps show that the parish church was actually known as St Melan's until at least the start of the 20th Century.

In the late 19th century, Edmund Harvey, Vicar of Mullion, proposed that the parish took its name from 'Mellon' which he believed was an alias of Saint Malo. Saint Malo was a Welshman who moved to Brittany (possibly with his cousin, Saint Samson) where he became Bishop of Aleth (the region now called Saint-Malo) around AD 541. Harvey's ideas have since been discredited. However, an area near one of the ancient chapel sites was known as St Malo's Moor in Harvey's time, and nearby were two fields known as Sampson's Crofts.

Parish church

The church is of 13th century foundation but the fabric is almost entirely of the 15th century. Features of interest include the fine series of bench ends and other old woodwork.


Mullion was surveyed for the Survey of English Dialects.

Notable residents


External links

Major settlements Rivers Topics

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mullion,_Cornwall&oldid=464999148#Geography