Charles Crosse

Charles Crosse

Charles Crosse
Personal information
Full name Charles William Crosse
Date of birth 13 June 1854
Place of birth Bushey, Hertfordshire
Date of death 28 May 1905 aoremovetag(aged 50)
Place of death Paris, France
Rugby union career
Playing career
Position Forward
National team(s)
Years Club / team Caps (points)
1874–1875 England 2 (0)

Charles William Crosse (13 June 1854 – 28 May 1905) was an English sportsman who played international rugby union for England and first-class cricket.

Crosse was capped twice for England, first against Scotland in 1874 and the other against Ireland a year later, both times as a forward.

In 1875, Crosse played a first-class cricket match for Oxford University. A right handed top order batsman, he made just five and eight in the only two innings of his first-class career. He also represented Scotland at cricket, playing a match against Yorkshire in 1878. Previously, he had played cricket while at Rugby School.


Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Crosse



Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Vespidae
Subfamily: Eumeninae
Genus: Interzumia

Interzumia is an afrotropical genus of potter wasps with a single species, Interzumia rufonigra.

Potter wasps are solitary builders of 'flask-shaped' nests of mud, each containing an egg and larval food supply.

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interzumia

Emmanuel Rabinovich

Rabbi Emanuel Rabinovich

Rabbi Emanuel Rabinovich is a non-existent figure cited in antisemitic propaganda. Like the "Israel Cohen" of A Racial Program for the Twentieth Century, "Rabbi Rabinovich" was invented by Eustace Mullins.

"Rabbi Rabinovich" supposedly gave a speech entitled Our Race Will Rule Undisputed Over The World to the "Emergency Council of European Rabbis" in Budapest, Hungary on January 12, 1952. The speech outlines a plan for Jews to subjugate the world via a "Third World War". This forgery is taken as a "proof" of a Jewish plot against gentiles in much the same way as another hoax, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, invoked in the Rabinovich speech, is used as "proof" of Jewish global conspiracy.

Mullins claimed to have received the secret speech from a Bulgarian diplomat defecting from the Communist government. According to Mullins, the diplomat had been hiding in Budapest where he received a copy of the speech, and then escaped to Hamburg, Germany, where he was given Mullins' name. The diplomat then allegedly emigrated to the United States, where he eventually met Mullins and gave him the copy.

The speech was first published in the May 1952 issue of Women's Voice and September 1952 issue of the Canadian Intelligence Service, published by the Ron Gostick and the antisemitic Canadian League of Rights. It also appeared in the antisemitic broadsheet Common Sense, (A Newspaper Upholding Christianity and Patriotism) published by Conde McGinley. The paper was notorious for its use of invented quotations and stories throughout the 1950s and 1960s, including, famously, a made-up quote by Nikita Khrushchev.

See also


Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rabbi_Emanuel_Rabinovich

Belonimorphis belonimorphis

Belonimorphis belonimorphis

Belonimorphis belonimorphis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda

clade Hypsogastropoda
informal group Ptenoglossa

Superfamily: Triphoroidea
Family: Cerithiopsidae
Genus: Belonimorphis
Species: B. belonimorphis
Binomial name
Belonimorphis belonimorphis
Jay & Drivas, 2002

Belonimorphis belonimorphis is a species of very small sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cerithiopsidae. The species was described by Jay and Drivas in 2002. It is the sole species within the genus Belonimorphis.


Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belonimorphis_belonimorphis

Kansas City Cowboys (20th century baseball)

Kansas City Blues (American Association)

Kansas City Blues
(1888, 18901891, 18931901, 19021954)
Kansas City, Missouri
Team Logo
KansasCityBlues caplogo.svg
Cap Insignia
  • Triple-A (1946-1954)
  • Double-A (1908-1945)
  • A (1902-1907)
Minor league affiliations
Major league affiliations
  • Kansas City Blues
Minor league titles
Class titles 1929
League titles 1888, 1890, 1898, 1901, 1929, 1938, 1952, 1953

The Kansas City Blues are a former minor league baseball team located in Kansas City, Missouri, in the Midwestern United States. The team was one of the eight founding members of the American Association.

The Blues did not field particularly competitive teams unil 1918, when they won the AA pennant. The team won again in 1923, and again in 1929. They won the Junior World Series championship that year, defeating the Rochester Red Wings of the International League in a best-of-nine series.

In 1936, the Blues became a farm club of the New York Yankees. They won the AA championships five times in the 1930s and 1940s.

When the American League Philadelphia Athletics moved to Kansas City in 1955, the Blues moved to Denver, Colorado.

The official website of Minor League Baseball calls the Blues teams of 1929 and 1939 two of the 100 greatest Minor League Baseball teams ever.

Players and managers

Well-known members of the 1929 World Series-winning Kansas City Blues included:

Other well-known players and managers include:


  1. ^ 1929 Kansas City Blues from the Minor League Baseball website
  2. 1939 Kansas City Blues from the Minor League Baseball website
  3. http://www.baseball-reference.com/minors/team.cgi?id=21736

See also

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kansas_City_Blues_(American_Association)

Euglena acus


Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Protista
Superphylum: Discoba
Phylum: Euglenozoa
Class: Euglenoidea
Order: Euglenales
Family: Euglenaceae
Genus: Euglena
Ehrenberg, 1830

Euglena is a genus of unicellular protists, of the class Euglenoidea of the phylum Euglenozoa (also known as Euglenophyta). They are single-celled organisms. Currently, over 1,000 species of Euglena have been described. There are many to be discovered. Marin et al. (2003) revised the genus to include several species without chloroplasts, formerly classified as Astasia and Khawkinea. Some Euglena are considered to have both plant and animal features. Due to these dual characteristics, much debate has arisen about how they should be classified. In binomial nomenclature, according to the five-kingdom classification scheme, euglena have been accurately placed into Kingdom Protista, more specifically into Subkingdom Protozoa, and even more specifically into Phylum Mastigophora, which use flagellum as a method of locomotion.

Form and function

Euglena is a protist that can both eat food as animals by heterotrophy; and can photosynthesize, like plants, by autotrophy. When acting as a heterotroph, the Euglena surrounds a particle of food and consumes it by phagocytosis. When acting as an autotroph, the Euglena utilizes chloroplasts, (hence green color) containing Chlorophyll a, Chlorophyll b, and some carotenoid pigments, to produce sugars by photosynthesis. Each chloroplast has three membranes, and exist in thylakoid stacks of three. The number and shape of chloroplasts within euglenozoa varies greatly due to environmental conditions and evolutionary history. Euglena are able to move through aquatic environments by using a large flagellum for locomotion. To observe its environment, the cell contains an eyespot, a primitive organelle that filters sunlight into the light-detecting, photo-sensitive structures at the base of the flagellum; allowing only certain wavelengths of light to hit it. This photo-sensitive area detects the light that is able to be transmitted through the eyespot. When such light is detected, the Euglena may accordingly adjust its position to enhance photosynthesis. The mobility of Euglena also allows for hunting capability, because of this adaptation, many Euglena are considered mixotrophs: autotrophs in sunlight and heterotrophs in the dark. Euglena also structurally lack cell walls, but have a pellicle instead. The pellicle is made of protein bands that spiral down the length of the Euglena and lie beneath the plasma membrane.

Euglena can survive in fresh and salt water. In low moisture conditions, a Euglena forms a protective wall around itself and lies dormant as a spore until environmental conditions improve. Euglena can also survive in the dark by storing paramylon granules in pyernoid bodies within the chloroplast.


Euglenas reproduce asexually, and there has been no evidence of sexual reproduction. Reproduction includes transverse division and longitudinal division, which both occur in the active and encysted forms. Acidity and alkalinity have been known to affect reproduction and life spans of Euglenozoans. Life spans also greatly differ between each group of Euglenozoans.



"Phylogeny and taxonomic revision of plasmid-containing neophytes based on USU DNA sequence comparisons and signatures in the USU RNA secondary structure."

Berlin, Springer. 2005. Nutrition and reproduction in euglena. Biomedical and Life Sciences. 52: 367-383.

Campbell and Reece. (2008) Biology (Ed. 8, pp. 580-581).

Campbell, Neil A. and Reece, Jane B. 2008. Biology Eighth Edition. Pearson Benjamin-Cummings. San Francisco, CA.

Kiss, J.Z., E. M. Roberts, R. M. Brown Jr. and R. E. Triemer. 1988. X-ray and dissolution studies of paramylon storage granules from Euglena. Protoplasma. 146: 150-156.

Kusel-Fetzmann, lsa and Weidinge, Marieluise. 2008. Ultrastructure of five Euglena species positioned in the subdivision Serpentes. Protoplasma. 233: 209-222.

"Protozoa Exhibit a Wide Range of Sizes and Morphologies." Tulane University. 18 July 2009 <http://www.tulane.edu/~wiser/protozoology/notes/morph.html>.

Sommer, Joanchim R. 1965. The Ultrastructure of the Pellicle Complex of Euglena Gracilis. The Journal of Cell Biology. 24: 253-257.

Vliet, Kent A. 2008. A Lab Manual for Integrated Principles of Biology Part one- BSC2010L Fourth Edition. Pearson Custom. University of Florida.

External links

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euglena

As I Am (Anne Murray album)

As I Am (Anne Murray album)

As I Am
Studio album by Anne Murray
Released 1988
Genre Country pop
Length 39:07
Label Capitol
Anne Murray chronology
As I Am
Greatest Hits Volume II

As I Am is a studio album by Canadian country pop artist Anne Murray. It was released by Capitol Records in 1988. The album peaked at number 29 on the Billboard Top Country Albums chart.

Track listing

  1. "Flying on Your Own" – 4:27
  2. "If I Don't Fall Tonight" – 3:18
  3. "You Make Me Curious" – 4:18
  4. "As I Am" – 3:10
  5. "I'm Losing Your Love" – 4:35
  6. "I'll Be Your Eyes" – 3:42
  7. "Slow All Night" – 4:20
  8. "Who but You" – 3:29
  9. "Take It from My Heart" – 3:49
  10. "Slow Passin' Time" – 3:59

Chart performance


Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/As_I_Am_(Anne_Murray_album)

Kahama District


The Kahama district is one of the eight districts of the Shinyanga Region of Tanzania. It is bordered to the west by the Bukombe District, to the south by the Tabora Region, to the north by the Mwanza Region, and to the east by the Shinyanga Rural and Shinyanga Urban Districts.

According to the 2002 Tanzania National Census, the population of the Kahama District was 596,456. [1]


Kahama now is an urban area, declared and publicly known. Its recent development which are also fascinating are the result of Isakaport, mining activities which has been going on for quite a time now. the town of Kahama now is enjoying the employment from Barrick Gold in the newly operating site of Buzwagi Gold Mine situated in between Kahama and Mwenadakulima along Isaka road. also manufacturing activities are now part of the town which is already connected to new project of water from Lake Victoria which for decades it was one of the problems people of Kahama were facing. It has now grew to the extent it is connecting with Nyihogo, Malunga, Shunu and Bukondamoyo, which make the urbanized area to grow also. now the wards which makes the urbanised area include:

Kahama District is administratively divided into 34 wards:


Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kahama

KRL Stadium

KRL Stadium

KRL Stadium
Full name Kahuta Research Laboratories Stadium
Location Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Capacity 8,000

KRL Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. It is currently used mostly for football matches, on club level by KRL FC of the Pakistan Premier League. The stadium has a capacity of 8,000 spectators.


Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KRL_Stadium

Julie Zorrilla

American Idol (season 10)

American Idol
Season 10
Broadcast from January 19, 2011
Judges Randy Jackson
Jennifer Lopez
Steven Tyler
Host(s) Ryan Seacrest
Broadcaster Fox
Finals venue Nokia Theatre Los Angeles

The tenth season of American Idol premiered on January 19, 2011, on Fox. The show underwent a number of changes from season nine, which include the reduction of the judging panel to its original number of just three judges (two of whom are new), a returning executive producer, a new music director as well as multiple format changes. For the first time, Idol will air on Wednesdays and Thursdays as opposed to the previous schedule of Tuesdays and Wednesdays.

Nigel Lythgoe returned to the senior production team as executive producer for the series. American singer Steven Tyler and American singer-actress Jennifer Lopez joined the judging panel as replacements for Simon Cowell, Ellen DeGeneres, and Kara DioGuardi who all left at thelf season nine. Ray Chew replaced Rickey Minor as the show's musical director and leader of the Idol's live band.

Interscope Records, which is part of Universal Music Group, replaced Sony Music Entertainment as Idol's official partner record label. Interscope's Chairman Jimmy Iovine, a songwriter and producer, was made in-house mentor to work with the contestants on a weekly basis. He is supported by associated producers: Rodney Jerkins, Alex da Kid, Tricky Stewart, Don Was and Timbaland who all help contestants tailor their song choices to their chosen genre of performance, as well as work in producing arrangements for the contestants and offering original material to be performed.

This is the first season in which 15 year-olds may audition. Other changes include online voting, extra rounds such as the Las Vegas and a final solo round, and a return of the judges' wild card choice. More contestants made it to Hollywood in season 10 than in previous seasons. This is the second season where 13 contestants made it to the finals, the first being season eight.

Changes for season ten

Simon Cowell, a judge from the start of the show, announced on January 11, 2010, that he would not be returning as a judge for this season in order to focus on launching the American version of his hit British singing competition The X Factor. Ellen DeGeneres officially announced her departure on July 29, 2010, after judging for only one season, because she felt the show was not the "right fit" for her. Kara DioGuardi then announced on September 3, 2010, that she would also not return this season due to her pursuing new projects. On September 22, 2010, it was announced that Jennifer Lopez and Steven Tyler would join the judging panel.

There were a number of other major changes in season ten, from the judges to the format of the show itself. Nigel Lythgoe returned as the executive producer, and Ray Chew has been hired as the show's new musical director, replacing Rickey Minor, who left the show along with vocal coach Dorian Holley to become the musical director of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. Peisha McPhee, mother of season 5's runner-up Katharine McPhee, joined as one of the vocal coaches. In this season, online voting was also offered for the first time for fans with Facebook account and up to 50 votes may be cast.

New rounds and challenges

"Theme weeks will also get a makeover. We’re not going to ask a country singer to sing an R&B song, or an R&B singer to do Led Zeppelin, ... If the theme is ’80s or Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, every song will be customized to that contestant... What's most important, is that the song suit the finalist's voice."

– Ron Fair

Then beginning in November 2010, returning producer, Nigel Lythgoe, revealed that there would be other significant format changes. New challenges include "contests [having] to make the best music video, to promote themselves, and to work with a band and dancers for an awards show-style performance." Entertainment Weekly reported that the challenges would replace the traditional semi-finals portion of the competition meaning that finalists would go on to compete in the top-twelve for the live shows. However it was later revealed that the music video challenge was only ever an idea but there were no plans to make it part of season ten of Idol. The Hollywood round would narrow the contestants down to sixty potential finalists. Those who made the final sixty were then taken to Las Vegas where they were asked to sing songs from The Beatles. It was originally planned that 20 contestants would be left by the end of this phase of competition, and these remaining contestants would perform in two groups of ten in a semi-final sudden death round to find via public votes the ten finalists – five girls and five boys – for the live shows in the finals. Nigel Lythgoe however later revealed that the Top 20 would be extended to a Top 24. Additionally, the judges were given wild card picks.

Partnership with Universal Music

At the end of season nine, Sony Music Entertainment's affiliation to Idol also ended. The partnership was superseded by a new deal with Universal Music Group, meaning that the winner will now be signed to Interscope Records. Interscope's sister labels, A&M Records and Geffen Records, will also be involved in promoting and distributing the albums of the show's finalists. Chairman of the Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group, Jimmy Iovine, will work directly with contestants as the in-house mentor. Additionally, Billboard revealed that a team of Universal Music-associated producers and songwriters, such as Rodney "Darkchild" Jerkins, Timbaland and Alex da Kid, will work alongside the contestants. It was reported that the new creative team would allow contestants to take on original material and arrangements, not just cover versions, when singing live. The Hollywood Reporter also indicated that other changes for season ten will include online voting and finalists releasing music as the season progresses, rather than waiting for the summer to record an album. Despite previous reports that Idol producers had axed the weekly music theme, in-house mentor Fair, confirmed that the themes would remain.

Regional auditions

The judges sit in this order from left to right: Steven Tyler, Jennifer Lopez, Randy Jackson

This is the first season in which the contestant age minimum was reduced to 15 years old. The maximum age however still remains 28.

Auditions were held in the following cities:

Note 1: Actual number not announced on the show but this number is based on the number of names listed on americanidol.com website and may not be the actual total.

In addition to the above cities, for the first time contestants were allowed to audition online via Myspace / Facebook / Twitter. To audition, they were required to upload a 40-second audition clip of them singing a pre-approved song. The internet auditioners were called back to the Los Angeles auditions to audition in front of the judges.

Hollywood week

The Hollywood week phase of the competition was held in the Pasadena Civic Center. There were a record-number 327 contestants in the first round, which lasted over two days, exceeding season 2's record of 234. The contestants emerged in groups of ten and each performed individually a cappella. After the whole group had finished their performances, those who failed were cut immediately. 168 advanced to the next round, where the contestants performed in groups; out of the 168, only 100 advanced to the next round. In the next round, the contestants performed solo, accompanied by a band or an instrument. The contestants were then separated into four rooms, with two of the four rooms containing eliminated contestants and the other two containing contestants who made it into the next round. Only 61 of the 100 remaining advanced.

This year, due to the large number of contestants, two more rounds were added. The 61 remaining contestants proceeded to Las Vegas where they performed songs from The Beatles as duos and trios in the Love theatre at The Mirage for this newly added 'Las Vegas' round. After that, 40 advanced to the final "Sing For Your Life" round back in Los Angeles. In that round, each contestant performed a song of their own choosing at Howard Hughes' Spruce Goose aircraft hangar. The Top 24 were then selected from the remaining 40 for the semifinals. This episode was notable for the emotional breakdown of judge Jennifer Lopez after telling contestant Chris Medina that he had been eliminated.


The twenty-four semi-finalists were revealed in two stages. The first five were revealed on February 23, 2011, and the remaining 19 were revealed on the following night's episode. The following are semi-finalists who failed to reach the finals.

Contestant Age Date of Birth Hometown Audition Location
Julie Zorrilla 20 November 3, 1990 Bogotá, Colombia San Francisco, California
Kendra Chantelle 22 September 27, 1988 Loudon, Tennessee Nashville, Tennessee
Lauren Turner 24 May 8, 1986 Covington, Louisiana New Orleans
Rachel Zevita 23 October 20, 1987 New York City Jersey City, New Jersey
Ta-Tynisa Wilson 20 June 19, 1990 Aurora, Illinois Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Contestant Age Date of Birth Hometown Audition Location
Brett Loewenstern 17 December 13, 1993 Boca Raton, Florida New Orleans, Louisiana
Clint Jun Gamboa 26 June 9, 1984 Long Beach, California San Francisco, California
Jordan Dorsey 21 April 23, 1989 Laplace, Louisiana New Orleans, Louisiana
Jovany Barreto 23 September 3, 1987 Harvey, Louisiana New Orleans, Louisiana
Robbie Rosen 17 December 27, 1993 Merrick, New York Jersey City, New Jersey
Tim Halperin 23 May 27, 1987 Fort Worth, Texas Los Angeles, California


The semifinal round began on Tuesday, March 1, 2011. This year, the producers use a new format. Below are the two semi-final groups (males and females) with contestants listed in their performance order. The top five males and top five females, along with the three wild card choices by the judges advanced to the finals. There were twenty-four semifinalists, twelve females and males. The males started the semifinal round, and the females continued on following night's episode, the contestants perform songs of their choice (there was no particular theme).




Still Participating:

  • Haley Reinhart (born September 9, 1990) is from Wheeling, Illinois and 20 years old during the show. Auditioned in Milwaukee, Wisconsin with The Beatles' "Oh! Darling". She originally auditioned for the previous season, but did not make it to Hollywood during that season. She performed Corinne Bailey Rae's "Breathless", and Billie Holiday's "God Bless the Child" in the Hollywood rounds, but she forgot her words in the group round.



This is the first season in which there are 12 weeks of the finals with one of the 13 finalists eliminated each week. In Season 8 there were 13 finalists but 2 were eliminated in the first week, the final rounds thereby only lasted 11 weeks. This is the third season in which a Wild Card contestant, Ashthon Jones, was eliminated in the first round of the finals, with the first two seasons being season three and season eight. American Idol (season 7) winner David Cook recorded the Simple Minds song "Don't You (Forget About Me)" as the send-off song played when a contestant is eliminated.

Top 13 - Their Personal Idols

Top 12 - Year They Were Born

Top 11 - Motown

Elimination chart

Top 24 Wild Card Top 13 Winner
Safe Safe First Safe Last Eliminated Wild Card Choice Judges' Save

Results show performances

Week Performer(s) Title Hot 100 reaction Digital reaction Performance type
Top 24 Jennifer Lopez ft. Pitbull "On the Floor" 5 (+4) New Peak 219,000, (+29%) music video premiere
Top 13 Adam Lambert "Aftermath" failed to chart live performance
Diddy Dirty-Money and Skylar Grey "Coming Home" 11 (+11) New Peak TBA live performance
Top 12 Lee DeWyze "Beautiful Like You" failed to chart 12,000 (+8,068%) live performance
The Black Eyed Peas "Just Can't Get Enough" 5 (+17) New Peak 198,000, (+143%) pre-recorded performance
Top 11 Jennifer Hudson "Where You At" TBA TBA live performance
Rihanna and Sugarland "California King Bed" TBA TBA live performance
Top 10 TBA TBA TBA TBA pre-recorded performance
Top 8 Kelly Clarkson and Jason Aldean Don't You Wanna Stay TBA TBA TBA
Top 7 David Cook "Don't You (Forget About Me)" TBA TBA TBA
Finale Lady Gaga "Judas"/"Born This Way" TBA TBA live performance

Post-Idol alumni

Eliminated contestant Chris Medina released a single called "What Are Words" on February 25, 2011, the day after his elimination. The song is about his fiance who suffered a brain injury as the result of a car wreck. The song debuted at #22 on the Heatseekers Songs chart, and then reached #83 on the Billboard Hot 100. It has since sold 61,000 copies He performed the ballad on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno on February 28, 2011 and on Good Morning America on March 4, 2011.

On March 3, 2011, it was announced that eliminated contestant Carson Higgins had joined the cast of the Los Angeles production of the Paul Storiale play The Columbine Project. The play is inspired by the tragic events at Columbine High School in Colorado in 1999, and will be performed at the Avery Schreiber Theatre in North Hollywood beginning April 22, 2011.

U.S. Nielsen ratings


External links

Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Idol_(season_10)