Caistor market place
Caistor shown within Lincolnshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||MARKET RASEN|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
|List of places: UK • England • Lincolnshire|
Caistor is a Georgian town situated in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. As its name implies, it was originally a Roman castrum or fortress. It lies at the north-west edge of the Lincolnshire Wolds, on the Viking Way, and just off the A46 between Lincoln and Grimsby, at the A46, A1084, A1173 and junction. It has a population of around 2,600. Its name comes from the Anglo-Saxon ceaster ("Roman camp" or "town") and was given in Domesday as Castre.
Only a few fragments of the fourth century walls remain; for example, the original Roman wall is visible on the southern boundary of the Parish Church of St. Peter and St. Paul. The area occupied by the fortress is now classified as a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The church of St. Peter and St. Paul which is enclosed within the fortress has an Anglo-Saxon tower. The market square lies at the heart of a conservation area which contains 56, mainly grade II, listed buildings. In numerical terms, the number of listed buildings makes Caistor the most important Conservation Area in the West Lindsey area; many of the buildings are Georgian or Victorian. Notable buildings in the town include Caistor Grammar School, founded in 1633, and Sessions House, built in 1662.
In 2010, the remains of a 4th century Roman cemetery were found during the development of a new co-op supermarket.
Caistor Grammar School dates from the reign of Charles I. An Academy with a selective student intake, it has specialist school status for sports and humanities. Sir Henry Newbolt, author of Drake's Drum, was educated at the school.
Caistor Yarborough School is a mixed comprehensive school named in memory of John Edward Pelham, the 7th Earl of Yarborough. Being limited to 570 students it is much smaller than the average UK school of this type. It has Arts College status under the English specialist schools programme.
Opened in 1940, RAF Caistor was built as a relief airfield for RAF Kirton in Lindsey, and also used for flying training from its grass runways. Closed in 1945, it later reopened as a nuclear missile base.
Audleby is a hamlet just north of Fonaby. It was mentioned in Domesday Book as having 33 households, which at the time was considered quite large. Today it is listed as a deserted medieval village, or DMV. Audleby House on Brigg Road is a grade II listed building.
- ^ "National Monument summary for Roman remains in Caistor". http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=80330.
- "National Monument record for Caistor in Domesday and as a Borough". http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=925982.
- "National Monument record for the Church". http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=80342.
- Leach, A.F., ed (1906). A History of the county of Lincolnshire. Victoria County History. 2. p. 487.
- "BBC report of co-op cemetery find". BBC News. 10 July 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10585564.
- "Co-op report of co-op cemetery find". http://www.lincolnshire.coop/content.asp?PageID=659.
- "Archaeological contractors for co-op dig, passing mention to ongoing work. Report will be published here". http://www.pre-construct.co.uk/about%20pca.htm.
- Chitty, Susan (1997). Playing the Game: Biography of Sir Henry Newbolt. Quartet Books. ISBN 978-0704371071.
- David Gervais (article ‘Newbolt, Sir Henry John (1862–1938)’) (2004). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
- RAF-lincolnshire-info.com (retrieved 8 September 2010)
- wartimememories.co.uk (retrieved 8 Septembner 2010)
- "Audleby DMV". Lincs to the Past. Lincolnshire Archives. http://www.lincstothepast.com/SITE-OF-AUDLEBY-DMV/233619.record?pt=S. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Audleby House". National Heritage List of England. English Heritage. http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1166088. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Fonaby". Domesday Map. Anna Powell-Smith/University of Hull. http://www.domesdaymap.co.uk/place/TA1002/fonaby/. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- "Fonaby DMV". Pastscape. English Heritage. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=80359&sort=4&search=all&criteria=Fonaby&rational=q&recordsperpage=10. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caistor